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Major sessions

ICOE-2024 will focus on the latest and exciting innovations in all areas of Endocrinology research offering a unique opportunity for investigators across the globe to meet, network, and perceive new scientific innovations. The studies will be more connected to the following topics:

Adipose Tissue, Appetite, and Obesity

Adipose tissue, autologous fat or simply adipose tissue is a loose connective tissue composed mainly of fat cells. In addition to adipocytes, adipose tissue contains a stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of cells including pro-cells, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells, and a variety of immune cells such as adipose tissue macrophages.

Appetite is usually the desire to eat food because of hunger. Attractive foods can stimulate your appetite even if you are not hungry, but a feeling of fullness can significantly reduce your appetite. Appetite is present in all higher organisms and helps regulate proper energy intake to maintain metabolic needs. It is regulated by close interactions between the gastrointestinal tract, adipose tissue, and the brain.

Body mass index (BMI) is a calculation that takes into accounts a person's weight and height to measure height. According to the US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adult obesity is defined as a BMI of 30.0 or higher. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of serious illnesses such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer. The CDC estimates that 42.4% of Americans over the age of 20 experienced obesity between 2017 and 2018. But BMI isn't everything. As a metric, there are some limitations. According to CDC Trusted Source, “Factors such as age, gender, race, and muscle mass can influence the relationship between BMI and body fat. It does not indicate the distribution of fat among individuals.” Despite these limitations, BMI continues to be widely used to measure height.

Bone and Mineral Metabolism

The Bone and Mineral Metabolism Research Group of the Endocrine, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition Research Department conducts basic and clinical research on a wide range of skeletal and soft tissue diseases. These conditions include osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and hyperparathyroidism, bone Paget's disease, and impaired bone development. 

A bone metabolism is a continuous cycle of bone growth and desorption and is carefully regulated by the dynamic relationships between osteoclasts, osteoblasts, and the effects of various hormones and regulators. The relative amounts of these signalling molecules determine whether healthy and balanced bone metabolism occurs. This delicate balance of absorption over growth can weaken the skeletal structure and put you at risk for developing chronic and debilitating diseases such as osteoporosis.

Diabetes and Glucose Metabolism

The metabolism of people with diabetes is different from that of people without diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, insulin is less effective, and in type 1 diabetes, insulin levels in the body are very low. For this reason, people with type 1 diabetes require insulin delivery by other means. Insulin resistance, most common in pre-diabetes. Metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes affect the body's ability to metabolize glucose. As a result, blood sugar levels rise, you are more likely to gain weight, and insulin resistance increases. Metabolism refers to the chemical reactions that occur inside the cells of an organism and are essential to life. In this guide, metabolism refers to the processes that occur in the body after food is ingested. The metabolism of people with diabetes is almost the same as the metabolism of people without diabetes. The only difference is the amount and / or potency of insulin produced by the body.

Endocrine Neoplasia

Various endocrine neoplasia is a condition which envelops a few unmistakable disorders highlighting cancers of endocrine organs, each with its own trademark design. At times, the growths are dangerous, in others, harmless. Harmless or threatening growths of no endocrine tissues happen as parts of a portion of these cancer disorders.

There are two primary sorts of the condition:

  • Various endocrine neoplasia type 1: This is a hereditary condition wherein numerous cancers influence various parts of your endocrine framework.

  • Numerous endocrine neoplasia type 2: This is a hereditary poly-glandular (various organs) malignant growth disorder. Individuals with MEN2 will foster medullary thyroid disease (carcinoma) and have an expanded gamble of creating different cancers that influence different organs in the endocrine framework.

Reproductive Endocrinology

Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (REI) is an obstetrician and gynaecologist who trains assisted reproductive technology doctors to study hormonal functions related to reproductive and infertility issues. Endocrinology of reproduction can be a treatment for infertility, menopause, and other reproductive hormonal problems. Reproductive endocrinologists are professionally trained obstetricians and gynaecologists (obstetrics and gynaecology) to assist both men and women with problems related to reproductive hormones. This area of expertise is sometimes referred to as endocrinology of reproduction and infertility, as much of her work focuses on helping women carry their babies pregnant. 
•    Infertility 
•    Maintaining fertility 
•    Frequent miscarriage 
•    Endometriosis 
•    Dysmenorrhea 
•    Menopause 
•    Sexual development


The thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck, is afflicted by illnesses known as thyroid disorders. The thyroid plays a crucial part in controlling a variety of metabolic processes all across the body. Different thyroid illnesses have an impact on the thyroid's structure or function.

Below Adam's apple, wrapped around the trachea, is the thyroid gland (windpipe). The two thyroid lobes on either side of the gland are connected by an extremely thin region of tissue called the isthmus. Iodine is used by the thyroid to make essential hormones. The main hormone created by the gland is thyroxin, generally known as T4. A tiny amount of the T4 produced from the gland is converted to triiodothyronine (T3), which is the form that is transported to the body's tissues via the bloodstream.

Non-Steroid Hormone Signalling

A non-steroid chemical is made of amino acids. It isn't fat dissolvable, so it can't diffuse across the plasma layer of an objective cell. All things considered, it ties to a receptor protein on the cell film. In the accompanying outline, you can see that the limiting of the chemical with the receptor enacts a protein in the cell layer. The compound then invigorates another atom, called the subsequent courier, which impacts processes inside the phone. Most endocrine chemicals are non-steroid chemicals. Models incorporate glucagon and insulin, both created by the pancreas.

Hormone-Dependent Cancers

A hormone-dependent cancer, is a type of cancer that is dependent on a hormone for growth and/or survival. Models incorporate bosom malignant growth, which is reliant upon oestrogens like prostate disease, which is subject to androgens like testosterone.
Chemicals assume significant parts in our body, they're likewise powerful in certain kinds of disease by advancing a few growths develop and spread, which are supposed chemical touchy or chemical ward disease. A chemical delicate disease, or chemical ward disease, is a sort of disease that is subject to a chemical for development or potentially endurance. Assuming a growth is chemical touchy, it intends that there are unique proteins called receptors on cells surface. At the point when the chemical tie the matched receptor, it brings about development and spread of malignant growth cells.

Adrenal Disorders

There are many medical conditions that can lead to problems with adrenal function. The adrenal glands are small, similar in shape like a triangle, just above each kidney. They are sometimes called the adrenal glands. Their job is to make the hormones needed to balance metabolism, blood pressure, the immune system, and stress responses. Adrenal gland disease is the result of glands producing certain hormones in excess or too little. Hormones produced by the adrenal glands include hydrocortisone (also known as cortisol), adrenaline, and aldosterone.  
Common types of adrenal gland disease: 

  • Addison's disease - Also known as adrenal insufficiency. This disorder does not produce enough cortisol and / or aldosterone.  

  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - The term refers to a genetic condition in which the adrenal glands are unable to produce cortisol well. As a result, ACTH increases. 

  • Hyperaldosteronism - This condition causes the body to produce too much aldosterone, which can lead to increased blood pressure and loss of potassium.

Cardiovascular Endocrinology

With the increasing global epidemic of obesity-related diabetes, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension, it is imperative that endocrinologists, cardiologists, and others have a forum for developing new and therapeutic therapies. It has become. People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing a variety of serious micro-vascular and macro-vascular complications. The relative risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in diabetics across all age groups is about 2, compared to the general population, and CVD contributes significantly to increased mortality over time. Nevertheless, cardiovascular disease is responsible for up to 50% of diabetics' deaths. The American Heart Association (AHA) said that by 2030, 40.5% of the U.S. population is likely to develop some form of CVD, with direct costs to treat CVD from $ 273 billion in 2010 to 3 in 2030. I expect it to double. Overhead is expected to increase from $ 172 billion to $ 276 billion over the same period.

Endocrine Disruption

Many chemicals, both natural and artificial, can mimic or destroy the body's hormones known as the endocrine system. These chemicals, called endocrine disruptors, are associated with developmental, reproductive, brain, immune, and other problems. Endocrine disruptors are found in many everyday items such as PET bottles and containers, metal food can liners, detergents, flame retardants, groceries, toys, cosmetics and pesticides. 

Some endocrine disrupting chemicals slowly break down in the environment. This property makes it potentially dangerous over time. Endocrine disrupting chemicals have a negative effect on animals. However, there is limited scientific information on the potential for human health problems. People are usually exposed to multiple endocrine disruptors at the same time, making it difficult to assess their impact on public health.

Genetics and Development

Development is a complex process in which a unicellular embryo transforms into a multicellular organism. The developmental process is driven by information encoded in the DNA of the organism, and geneticists seek to understand how this information leads to a fully formed organism. 
Gene expression regulation, or gene regulation, covers a wide range of mechanisms used by cells to increase or decrease the production of a particular gene product (protein or RNA). Sophisticated gene expression programs are commonly observed in biology. For example, it triggers developmental pathways, responds to environmental stimuli, and adapts to new food sources.

Neuroendocrinology and Pituitary Disorders

The investigation of the connection between the neurological framework and the endocrine framework, or how the cerebrum controls the body's hormonal movement, is known as neuroendocrinology, an area of science (all the more especially, physiology). To control the physiological elements of the human body, the neurological and endocrine frameworks much of the time team up in a cycle known as neuroendocrine joining. Because of the disclosure that the mind, and especially the nerve centre, directs pituitary organ chemical delivery, the area of neuroendocrinology has developed to investigate the numerous linkages between the endocrine and neurological frameworks.
The pituitary organ is situated in the mind and is an endocrine organ. This implies that it produces synthetic compounds called chemicals. Chemicals are compound couriers which assist various organs in the body with speaking with one another. The pituitary organ is one piece of a courier framework. The pituitary organ assists with controlling your body's capabilities by delivering chemicals into your circulation system.

Steroid Hormones and Receptors

Steroid chemical might be a steroid that is a chemical. It is frequently partitioned into two gatherings: corticosteroids and sex steroids. Inside these two classes, they're five sorts reliable with their receptors: glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, androgens, oestrogens and progestogens. In actual body, steroid chemicals have a critical impact in digestion, irritation, resistant capabilities, salt and water balance, improvement of sexual qualities and subsequently the capacity of enduring disease and injury. 

The regular steroid chemicals are for the most part orchestrated from cholesterol inside the balls and adrenal organs. These chemicals are lipophilic substance. They will go through the cell wall as they're fat-solvent, then, at that point, tie to steroid receptors (which could likewise be atomic or cytosolic relying on the steroid chemical) to cause changes inside the cell. Steroid chemicals are for the most part conveyed inside the blood, sure to explicit transporter proteins like sex chemical restricting globulin, corticosteroid-restricting globulin and egg whites. The limiting is helpful to help work on the chemicals' solvency in water.

Tumor Biology

Tumor Biology is an every other month peer-explored open access clinical diary covering clinical and trial oncology. An unusual mass of tissue that structures when cells develop and separate more than they ought to or don't bite the dust when they ought to. Growths might be harmless (not disease) or dangerous (disease). Harmless cancers might develop huge yet don't spread into, or attack, close by tissues or different pieces of the body.

There are three fundamental kinds of cancer:

  • Harmless: These growths are not destructive. They don't attack close by tissue or spread to different pieces of the body.

  • Premalignant: In these growths, the cells are not yet harmful; however they might possibly become dangerous.

  • Threatening: Malignant growths are destructive.

Pediatric Endocrinology

Pediatric medication could be an expert that arrangements with endocrine sicknesses, as well as irregularities in small kids' actual development and sexual turn of events, diabetes, and a lot of a ton of. Chemicals assume a focal part in driving a youngster's development and improvement. Issues with development, adolescence, and sexual advancement frequently have their foundations in the endocrine framework. Birth surrenders, rashness/low birth weight, maternal physiological condition issues, sharp demise disorder, and digestion trouble disorder region unit by and by perceived in view of the great issues for babies and youngsters. Young people region unit a ton of without a doubt to foster sort a couple of polygenic problems, which is uncommonly in regards to given the horrendous ascent in heftiness and unreasonable weight.

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